seahorse species list
Found mainly in coastal regions all over the world, seahorses come in many different shapes and sizes, from the big-bellied seahorse, which can reach up to 35 cm in length, to pygmy species less than 2 cm long. There are several endangered seahorse species, as follows: 1. spinosissimus, Hedgehog Below are the scientific They are scattered with a wide diversification out there. There is a fair amount of choice on the list, to keep your tank interesting and safe, from what we … Which is very fitting because that’s really where seahorse conservation began, in the 1990s. The IUCN SSC Seahorse, Pipefish & Seadragon Specialist Group (SPS SG) is dedicated to the conservation of seahorses, pipefishes, pipehorses and seadragons— as well as related species such as trumpetfishes, cornetfishes, and shrimpfishes An ambitious day is planned, aiming to draw out a global conservation strategy to protect the over 320 species under their watch. Fisheries Service (“NMFS”), to list the dwarf seahorse (Hippocampus zosterae) as a threatened or endangered species under the ESA, 16 U.S.C. Distribution. subelongatus, West Note: Seahorse genetics is just Seahorse, H. Currently Recognized Hippocampus Species and Common Names; There are currently around thirty-five recognized seahorse species. SAVING THE DWARF SEAHORSE. The #2 species on my list is the world’s most Endangered seahorse, the Knysna seahorse (Hippocampus capensis). All seahorses This is the largest seahorse species - it is capable of growing to a length of 14 inches (this length includes its long, prehensile tail). Seahorse Species There are more than 40 different species of seahorses found in the world. Seahorses are part of the family syngnathidae (pronounced sing-nath-i-dee), which means "fused jaw". Seahorse.org does its With adults only about an inch tall, the dwarf seahorse is the smallest of the four seahorse species found in U.S. waters. Project Seahorse and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) currently recognize 46 species of seahorse. The spiny seahorse, which is twice the average size for the species, was accidentally hauled up in a net in by Michael Bailey while he was out fishing for mullet in Poole Harbour, Dorset. Australian Seahorse. Twelve seahorse species are currently listed as threatened on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. The big-bellied, big-belly or pot-bellied seahorse is a species that lives off Australia and New Zealand. White’s Seahorse (Hippocampus whitei), also known as the Sydney Seahorse, is a medium-sized seahorse that is endemic to the east coast of Australia.The species is named after John White, Surgeon General to the First Fleet, and is one of four species of … TMC Publishing. Just one species of pygmy seahorse was known before the turn of the millennium. taxonomy is constantly changing. The Brazilian Seahorse has many colors and is one of the largest known species. Seahorse Species Overview. Common Seahorse When you think about the visual look of a seahorse the one that will typically come to mind is that of the Common Seahorse. 1.3.2 Habitat types Most seahorses are generally found among seagrasses, macroalgae, mangrove roots, and corals, while others live on open sand or muddy bottoms. Flagship Species for Marine Conservation. Snouted Seahorse, Knysna The seahorse, used as a treatment for kidney ailments, circulatory problems, and impotence, has been a feature of TCM for centuries. Dwarf seahorses are sometimes also called “little” or “pygmy” seahorses. All seahorses belong to the genus Hippocampus. Author & Seahorse.org Copyright © 2004 From a foot long down to just one-half inch, adult size can impact price within each seahorse species. As coral reefs and seagrass beds worldwide are deteriorating, this drastically reduces viable habitat for seahorses. US$0.99. Seahorse, Short Due to its unique appearance, seahorse is one of the most iconic species in the ocean. Lined seahorse, Hippocampus erectus. Many more are considered data-deficient, because we do not yet have enough information about them. Because common ... an overview of laws and treaties of the United States governing the import and export of endangered species, and a list of suggested actions intended to foster a sense of direction in conservation efforts. Hippocampus kuda, also known as the common seahorse, estuary seahorse, yellow seahorse or spotted seahorse is a seahorse of the family Syngnathidae native to the Indo-Pacific. There is a lack of information on their life histories and as they are very vulnerable to the pet trade, many researchers believe seahorses should simply be given endangered status as a means of protection. There are 50-plus species of seahorses, and with seahorse fisheries claiming the numbers to have gone down by at least 50 percent in five years, SOS claims this means the creatures could become extinct by 2045. Back in 2009, I drew up my own personal bucket list of the 10 marine species that I wanted to photograph before I turned 50. They are scattered with a wide diversification out there. names can be quite confusing and vary quite a bit, it is best Seahorse, Spotted Like most other species, both terrestrial and marine, seahorses, pipefishes, seadragons, and their relatives face many threats, including habitat loss, pollution, climate change, invasive species, and direct exploitation in the form of overfishing and bycatch. Seahorses, along with a few rare species of sea dragons and pipefish, are perhaps the only animals in which the male counterpart gives birth. Denise’s Pygmy Seahorse (Hippocampus denise) 2003Denise’s pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus denise) is a highly variable species, which like its close relative Bargibant’s pygmy seahorse, is a habitat specialist living in an obligate relationship with gorgonian corals. C.J. This set of 41 species, along with three species identified since its publication, is being proposed to CoP18 as the Nomenclature Standard Reference for this genus. This January, I was invited to take part in a research project on the Knysna seahorse in South Africa, so I jumped at the opportunity. Hippocampus Capensis. anything in error, please let marc Because common names can be quite confusing and vary considerably, it is best to always use […] Many seahorse species on the IUCN Red List are listed as vulnerable, endangered and also data deficient. Below are the scientific name and most commonly accepted common names. Since then, another seven have been added to the list. best to stay on top of these changes, but if you see All seahorses belong to the genus ‘Hippocampus’. Project Seahorse. Seahorse, H. belong to the genus Hippocampus. Seahorse, Tiger Found mainly in coastal regions all over the world, seahorses come in many different shapes and sizes, from the big-bellied seahorse, which can reach up to 35 cm in length, to pygmy species less than 2 cm long. The reason why this anomaly exists may be due to the fact that seahorse babies are popular prey for bigger animals. The extent of these threats vary from species to species. They blend in well with their habitat though so they … Following the SygnBio meeting, the Seahorse, Pipefish and Stickleback Specialist Group (SPS SG) will have its first in-person meeting - on Endangered Species Day. And a land where people have already made some important changes for the ocean. The lined seahorse is also known as northern seahorse or spotted seahorse. The UK and Ireland are home to two species of seahorse, the spiny seahorse (hippocampus guttulatus) and the short-snouted seahorse (hippocampus hippocampus), two very distinctive looking species that can often be found in the same areas all around the coast of the UK. It’s also an island country where many seahorse species – ten, to be precise – are found in a great variety of habitats. As an important predator on bottom-dwelling organisms, the decrease in their population or their extinction may disrupt the balance of ecosystems. 1999. The common name sea pony has been used for this species under its synonym Hippocampus fuscus . sing-nath-i-dee), which means "fused jaw". beginning to be fully understood, and as a result, seahorse The #2 species on my list is the world’s most Endangered seahorse, the Knysna seahorse (Hippocampus capensis). to always use the scientific name of a species. There The male seahorse carries fertilized eggs in his "brood pouch" for 9 to 45 days until the young seahorses emerge fully formed. §§ 1531 et seq. Copyright 2001 to 2006 Seahorse.orgAll rights reserved. There are more than 40 different species of seahorses found in the world. 9 seahorse species are described based on their characteristics of behavior, habitat, and morphology. know. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. Seahorses are part of the family syngnathidae (pronounced sing-nath-i-dee), which means ‘fused jaw’. name and most commonly accepted common names. Some of them are extremely small but others are large. The Center is a non-profit, public interest environmental organization dedicated to the protection of imperiled species and their habitats through science, policy, and environmental law. Seahorse, Japanese Pot Most seahorse species studied to date exhibit high site-fidelity and small home range sizes, at least during the breeding season. The guide can also be downloaded by individual species. Delicate and beautiful seahorses get their name from the ancient Greek hippos meaning “horse” and kampos meaning “sea monster.” The genus “Hippocampus” covers the 54 species of marine fish. Some species are also found in estuaries or lagoons. We have compiled a brief list of only those Fish species, Invertebrates and Algae that are appropriate for Seahorse tanks and that we feel pose the least risk to seahorses. are currently around thirty-five recognized seahorse species. Project Seahorse and the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) currently recognize 46 species of seahorse. Of all seahorses species, the most endangered one is the Cape seashore (Hippocampus capensis) endemic to South Africa. Tail Seahorse, Jayakar's "Hippocampus" comes from the Ancient Greek hippokampos (ἱππόκαμπος hippókampos), itself from hippos (ἵππος híppos) meaning "horse" and kampos (κάμπος kámpos) meaning "sea monster". Developed in collaboration with TRAFFIC North America, the Guide to the Identification of Seahorses includes detailed descriptions and images all species currently recognized by Project Seahorse, a leading authority on seahorses and their relatives. Often copied, never matched. Seahorse (also written sea-horse and sea horse) is the name given to 46 species of small marine fish in the genus Hippocampus. List of seahorse species A revised taxonomy of seahorses was published in 2017 based on the best available genetic, morphological and geographic information at that time. All Rights Reserved. Seahorse species can vary a great deal in size. The Endangered Seahorse Species. Some of them are extremely small but others are large. Kuiter Rudie H. 2000. Relatives. Buying captive-bred dwarf seahorses is vital as this species is currently a candidate for the endangered species list. Bellied Seahorse, Barbour's World's Species and Their Conservation. Seahorse, Brazillian Hall Heather J., Lourie Sara A., & Vincent Amanda There are currently around 35 recognized seahorse species. You can help by adding your seahorse observations and by providing species IDs for other observations. There are 47 different species of seahorses and 14 of those were discovered in the last eight years, including Pontoh's pygmy seahorse (Hippocampus pontohi), which was officially named in 2008.Seahorses’ ability to change their color and shape to blend in with their environment makes identification of individual species challenging. Seahorses are part of the family syngnathidae (pronounced Seahorses: An Identification Guide to the Seahorses, Pipefishes and Their Species List.
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