manhattan meaning in native american
Murder rates that had reached 2,245 in 1990 plummeted to 537 by 2008, and the crack epidemic and its associated drug-related violence came under greater control. On January 1, 1914, the New York State Legislature created Bronx County and New York County was reduced to its present boundaries. Learn more. Several ferry services operate between New Jersey and Manhattan. Manhattan is well known for its street parades, which celebrate a broad array of themes, including holidays, nationalities, human rights, and major league sports team championship victories. "Ah, Polo Grounds, The Game is Over; Wreckers Begin Demolition for Housing Project". People of Irish ancestry make up 7.8% of the population, while Italian Americans make up 6.8% of the population. , The first national college-level basketball championship, the National Invitation Tournament, was held in New York in 1938 and remains in the city. The Rangers were predated by the New York Americans, who started play in the Garden the previous season, lasting until the team folded after the 1941–1942 NHL season, a season it played in the Garden as the Brooklyn Americans. Manhattan traces its origins to a trading post founded by colonists from the Dutch Republic in 1624 on Lower Manhattan; the post was named New Amsterdam in 1626. , No Republican has won the presidential election in Manhattan since 1924, when Calvin Coolidge won a plurality of the New York County vote over Democrat John W. Davis, 41.20%–39.55%. The city's strong commercial ties to the southern United States existed for many reasons, including the industrial power of the Hudson River, which allowed trade with stops such as the West Point Foundry, one of the great manufacturing operations in the early United States; and the city's Atlantic Ocean ports, rendering New York City the American powerhouse in terms of industrial trade between the northern and southern United States. Native American names are very interesting as names for new babies because they have so much meaning behind them. , Parkland composes 17.8% of the borough, covering a total of 2,686 acres (10.87 km2).  On business days, the influx of commuters increases this number to over 3.9 million, or more than 170,000 people per square mile (65,600/km2). The New York City Subway, the largest subway system in the world by number of stations, is the primary means of travel within the city, linking every borough except Staten Island. Some are geographical (the Upper East Side), or ethnically descriptive (Little Italy). (58 sq.  The northern segment of Upper Manhattan represents a geographic panhandle. This was the name of a Mohawk or Onondaga leader who founded the Iroquois Confederacy, possibly in the 15th century. , In 2018, four Democrats represented Manhattan in the United States House of Representatives.. The disaster eventually led to overhauls of the city's fire department, building codes, and workplace regulations. Manhattan Island is loosely divided into Downtown (Lower Manhattan), Midtown (Midtown Manhattan), and Uptown (Upper Manhattan), with Fifth Avenue dividing Manhattan lengthwise into its East Side and West Side. , Manhattan had approximately 520 million square feet (48.1 million m²) of office space in 2013, making it the largest office market in the United States. The majority of higher profile parades in New York City are held in Manhattan.  However, from 2011–2015 Census data of New York County, the per capita income was recorded in 2015 dollars as $64,993, with the median household income at $72,871, and poverty at 17.6%. Jazz musicians adopted the term to refer to the city as the world's jazz capital, and a 1970s ad campaign by the New York Convention and Visitors Bureau helped popularize the term.  Journalist Walt Whitman characterized the streets of Manhattan as being traversed by "hurrying, feverish, electric crowds".  In 2011, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg had announced his choice of Cornell University and Technion-Israel Institute of Technology to build a US$2 billion graduate school of applied sciences on Roosevelt Island, Manhattan, with the goal of transforming New York City into the world's premier technology capital.  Manhattan has ten City Council members, the third largest contingent among the five boroughs. The 1980s also saw Manhattan at the heart of the AIDS crisis, with Greenwich Village at its epicenter.  Alphabet City comprises Avenues A, B, C, and D, to which its name refers. 1916, I.N. , On October 29 and 30, 2012, Hurricane Sandy caused extensive destruction in the borough, ravaging portions of Lower Manhattan with record-high storm surge from New York Harbor, severe flooding, and high winds, causing power outages for hundreds of thousands of city residents and leading to gasoline shortages and disruption of mass transit systems.  On separate occasions in late May and early July, the sunset is aligned with the street grid lines, with the result that the sun is visible at or near the western horizon from street level.  New York City's role as the top global center for the advertising industry is metonymously reflected as "Madison Avenue". Story, Louise and Saul, Stephanie (February 2015). Manhattan Island is bounded by the Hudson River to the west and the East River to the east. New York County is the United States' second-smallest county by land area (larger only than Kalawao County, Hawaii), and is also the most densely populated U.S. Children named Manhattan are often villainous and reliable but most of all they are read more >>. It has been performed by Diana Ross & The Supremes , Lee Wiley, Oscar Peterson, Blossom Dearie, Tony Martin, Dinah Washington, Ella Fitzgerald and Mel Torme, among many others. As the host of the United Nations, the borough is home to the world's largest international consular corps, comprising 105 consulates, consulates general and honorary consulates. Nolita. Starting in the mid-19th century, the United States became a magnet for immigrants seeking to escape poverty in their home countries.  Cable service is provided by Time Warner Cable and telephone service is provided by Verizon Communications, although AT&T is available as well. The newcomers borrowed names from hundreds of Native tribes and languages they encountered across the continents.  A memorial at the site was opened to the public on September 11, 2011, and the museum opened in 2014. Manhattan's vibrant visual art scene in the 1950s and 1960s was a center of the American pop art movement, which gave birth to such giants as Jasper Johns and Roy Lichtenstein. Altogether, 44.0% of the population was claimed as members by religious congregations, although members of historically African-American denominations were underrepresented due to incomplete information. Public schools in the borough are operated by the New York City Department of Education, the largest public school system in the United States. Points of interest on Manhattan Island include the American Museum of Natural History, Broadway and the Theater District, Bryant Park, Central Park, Chinatown, the Chrysler Building, Columbia University, the Empire State Building, Flatiron Building, Fulton Center, Grand Central Terminal, Harlem and Spanish Harlem, the High Line, Koreatown, Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, Little Italy, Madison Square Garden, Museum Mile on Fifth Avenue (including the Metropolitan Museum of Art), the New York Stock Exchange on Wall Street, New York University and the Washington Square Arch in Greenwich Village, Penn Station, Port Authority Bus Terminal, Rockefeller Center (including Radio City Music Hall), South Street Seaport, Stonewall Inn, The Battery, Times Square, Trump Tower, and the World Trade Center (including the National September 11 Museum and One World Trade Center). Chronologies of the American Mosaic, Phillip White Native Americans: A Thematic Unit on Converging Cultures.  According to The Broadway League, shows on Broadway sold approximately US$1.27 billion worth of tickets in the 2013–2014 season, an increase of 11.4% from US$1.139 billion in the 2012–2013 season; attendance in 2013–2014 stood at 12.21 million, representing a 5.5% increase from the 2012–2013 season's 11.57 million. 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An extensive network of express bus routes serves commuters and other travelers heading into Manhattan. The borough has seen substantial land reclamation along its waterfronts since Dutch colonial times, and much of the natural variation in its topography has been evened out.. ), The Staten Island Ferry, which runs 24 hours a day, 365 days a year, annually carries over 21 million passengers on the 5.2-mile (8.4 km) run between Manhattan and Staten Island.  One World Trade Center, a replacement for the Twin Towers of the World Trade Center, is currently the tallest building in the Western Hemisphere.  The New York Yankees began their franchise as the Highlanders, named for Hilltop Park, where they played from their creation in 1903 until 1912.  When 450 Park Avenue was sold on July 2, 2007, for US$510 million, about US$1,589 per square foot (US$17,104/m²), it broke the barely month-old record for an American office building of US$1,476 per square foot (US$15,887/m²) based on the sale of 660 Madison Avenue.  According to the writer Nathaniel Benchley, Minuit conducted the transaction with Seyseys, chief of the Canarsee Native Americans, who were willing to accept valuable merchandise in exchange for the island that was mostly controlled by the Weckquaesgeeks, a band of the Wappinger. In 1524, Florentine explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano – sailing in service of King Francis I of France – became the first documented European to visit the area that would become New York City. The 203-foot (62 m) high pinnacle was later added bringing the total height of the building to 1,453 ft (443 m).  Manhattan's apartments cost $$1,773 per square foot ($19,080/m2), compared to San Francisco housing at $$1,185 per square foot ($12,760/m2), Boston housing at $751 per square foot ($8,080/m2), and Los Angeles housing at $$451 per square foot ($4,850/m2).  Four multi-billion-dollar projects were completed in the mid-2010s: the $1.4 billion Fulton Center in November 2014, the $2.4 billion 7 Subway Extension in September 2015, the $4 billion World Trade Center Transportation Hub in March 2016, and Phase 1 of the $4.5 billion Second Avenue Subway in January 2017. See Climate of New York City for additional climate information from the outer boroughs. The Harlem Renaissance in the 1920s established the African-American literary canon in the United States and introduced writers Langston Hughes and Zora Neale Hurston. Registered Republicans are a minority in the borough, constituting 9.88% of the electorate as of April 2016[update]. Approximately 59.4% of the population over the age of 25 have a bachelor's degree or higher. To the north, the Harlem River divides Manhattan Island from the Bronx and the mainland United States. The MTA is testing "smart card" payment systems to replace the MetroCard. R. J. Knecht: Renaissance Warrior and Patron: The Reign of Francis I; p. 372. , In 1647, Peter Stuyvesant was appointed as the last Dutch Director-General of the colony. The New York Jets proposed a West Side Stadium for their home field, but the proposal was eventually defeated in June 2005, and they now play at MetLife Stadium in East Rutherford, New Jersey. Like many Native American traditions, there is quite a bit of symbolism with the stomp dance. Retrieved on 2015-02-16", Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898. The Minor League Baseball Brooklyn Cyclones, affiliated with the Mets, play in Brooklyn, while the Staten Island Yankees, affiliated with the Yankees, play in Staten Island. American Indian Languages: The Historical Linguistics of Native â¦ Passengers pay fares with pay-per-ride MetroCards, which are valid on all city buses and subways, as well as on PATH trains. , Manhattan is unique in the U.S. for intense use of public transportation and lack of private car ownership.  Icebergs are often compared in size to the area of Manhattan.. Less than 5 boys were given the name. The only CUNY community college located in Manhattan is the Borough of Manhattan Community College. , The period between the World Wars saw the election of reformist mayor Fiorello La Guardia and the fall of Tammany Hall after 80 years of political dominance. In 1842, Charles Dickens visited the area and was appalled at the horrendous living conditions he had seen.  Washington Heights is a primary destination for immigrants from the Dominican Republic. To satisfy its growing population, the City of New York acquired land in adjacent Westchester County and constructed the old Croton Aqueduct system there, which went into service in 1842 and was superseded by the new Croton Aqueduct, which opened in 1890. Welcome to Little Australia in New York City", "How Far from True North are the Avenues of Manhattan?  The Financial District alone has witnessed growth in its population to approximately 43,000 as of 2014[update], nearly double the 23,000 recorded at the 2000 Census. As the stock market soared in the days before the Wall Street Crash of 1929, two developers publicly competed for the crown.  The 1625 establishment of Fort Amsterdam at the southern tip of Manhattan Island is recognized as the birth of New York City. It eventually became Wall Street, and Manahatta became Manhattanâ¦  The Woolworth Building, and its distinctive Gothic architecture, took the title in 1913, topping off at 792 feet (241 m). Gas and electric service is provided by Consolidated Edison to all of Manhattan. Education in Manhattan is provided by a vast number of public and private institutions.  The New York World Building on Park Row, was the first to take the title in 1890, standing 309 feet (94 m) until 1955, when it was demolished to construct a new ramp to the Brooklyn Bridge.  The suburbs to the immediate north and west lie in the transitional zone between humid subtropical and humid continental climates (Dfa). Look through the profile previews below and you may just see if you can find your perfect date.  In 2014, Manhattan had 703 religious organizations, the seventeenth most out of all US counties.  Manhattan receives 49.9 inches (1,270 mm) of precipitation annually, which is relatively evenly spread throughout the year.  A 1610 map depicts the name as Manna-hata, twice, on both the west and east sides of the Mauritius River (later named the Hudson River). The stadium was demolished in 2002 to make way for the $45 million, 4,754-seat Icahn Stadium, which includes an Olympic-standard 400-meter running track and, as part of Pelé's and the Cosmos' legacy, includes a FIFA-approved floodlit soccer stadium that hosts matches between the 48 youth teams of a Manhattan soccer club.. Phelps Stokes; The Iconography of Manhattan Island Vol 3. At the 2010 Census, there were 1,585,873 people living in Manhattan, an increase of 3.2% since 2000. Rooted in forces of nature, religion and personally desired characteristics, they translate into poetic epithets. WQHT, also known as Hot 97, claims to be the premier hip-hop station in the United States. In the seven major crime categories tracked by the system, overall crime has declined by more than 75% since 1990, and year-to-date statistics through May 2009 show continuing declines. , In 1961, the Pennsylvania Railroad unveiled plans to tear down the old Penn Station and replace it with a new Madison Square Garden and office building complex. Rejected", Before the Five-Borough City: The Old Cities, Towns, and Villages That Came Together to Form "Greater New York", New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, "City systems and world-systems: Four millennia of city growth and decline", "New York – Race and Hispanic Origin for Selected Cities and Other Places: Earliest Census to 1990", "UN MOVES INTO NEW BUILDING IN NYC TODAY", "U.N. 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The City of New York was founded at the southern tip of Manhattan, and the borough houses New York City Hall, the seat of the city's government. Manhattan's current Borough President is Gale Brewer, elected as a Democrat in November 2013 with 82.9% of the vote.
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